LEARNING ENGLISH PODCASTS

What is a podcast?
A podcast is an mp3 or video file that can be downloaded and played on a computer or portable media device. Individual podcasts appear as episodes that are updated daily or weekly. By subscribing to a podcast you can receive automatic updates. You can also listen to podcast episodes here on this page. To subscribe, you must have podcasting software installed on your computer such as 
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If you would like to listen to a podcast right away you can hear a sample by clicking on the “play” button on our podcasts page. If you would like to play your podcast later or take it on the road, you will first need to subscribe to and download the podcast using the subscription software on your computer, such as itunes. Then you will have to transfer the podcast file to your portable media device. we recommend the following subscription software for the best user experience:

BBC PODCASTS >>>

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CMAPS – MEANINGFUL LEARNING TOOL

The Theory Underlying Concept Maps and How to Construct and Use Them[1]

Florida Institute for Human and Machine Cognition
Pensacola Fl, 32502
Technical Report IHMC CmapTools 2006-01 Rev 2008-01
(click here for a printable PDF version: small filesize (998K) or high quality 6.6MB))

Introduction

Concept maps are graphical tools for organizing and representing knowledge. They include concepts, usually enclosed in circles or boxes of some type, and relationships between concepts indicated by a connecting line linking two concepts. Words on the line, referred to as linking words or linking phrases, specify the relationship between the two concepts. We define concept as a perceived regularity in events or objects, or records of events or objects, designated by a label. The label for most concepts is a word, although sometimes we use symbols such as + or %, and sometimes more than one word is used. Propositions are statements about some object or event in the universe, either naturally occurring or constructed. Propositions contain two or more concepts connected using linking words or phrases to form a meaningful statement. Sometimes these are called semantic units, or units of meaning. Figure 1 shows an example of a concept map that describes the structure of concept maps and illustrates the above characteristics.

Figure 1. A concept map showing the key features of concept maps. Concept maps tend to be read progressing from the top downward.

(click on an image for a larger view) 


in learning English (an example)



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